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Asymptotic properties of some estimators for Gini and Zenga inequality measures: a simulation study

digital Asymptotic properties of some estimators for Gini and Zenga
inequality measures: a simulation study
Article
journal STATISTICA & APPLICAZIONI
issue STATISTICA & APPLICAZIONI - 2015 - 2
title Asymptotic properties of some estimators for Gini and Zenga inequality measures: a simulation study
author
publisher Vita e Pensiero
format Article | Pdf
online since 06-10-2016
issn 18246672 (print)
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It is well known that unequal income distribution, yielding poverty, stratification and polarization, can be a serious economic and social problem. The reliable inequality analysis of both, total population of households and subpopulations classified by different characteristics, can be a helpful piece of information for economists and social policy- makers. Therefore, it seems especially important to present reliable estimates of income inequality measures for a population of households in different divisions. Among many income inequality measures the Gini index based on the Lorenz curve is the most popular one. Another interesting measure of income inequality is the Zenga index proposed in 1984, based on the relation between income and population quantiles. In the paper some nonparametric estimators of Gini and Zenga inequality measures are presented and analyzed from a point of view of their statistical properties. In particular, the bias, dispersion and normality of the estimators are considered. The Monte Carlo experiments include the cases of heavy-tailed and light-tailed distributions as theoretical models. Finally, the estimators are applied to the data on income distributions in Poland.

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